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Home » Daily Gospel, Daily Readings, New Testament Writers

No One Is Righteous

Submitted by on Wednesday, 12 October 2011No Comment


Today’s Readings

  • Reading I:  Romans 2:1-11
  • Responsorial Psalm: Psalm 62
  • Gospel Reading: Luke 11:42-46

Do Not Judge

Before Paul turns to the subject of Jews and the Law, he turns to all righteous-feeling-men who think that the pagans will surely get what they deserve. Remember that the thesis of Paul is that no one, even if he should appear righteous, can escape God’s wrath if not by faith in Christ. At the beginning of the body of his letter, Paul cited a quote from Zechariah that would set the tone for Paul’s Gospel: "the righteous man shall live by faith." In the context of Zechariah’s book, that phrase means that the just which at the moment look as if they are disadvantaged in their way of life while the wicked prosper, will in the end survive the purification of the last days because of their continued faith (trust) in God. In Paul, that phrase means that no one is really righteous unless one receives that righteousness by faith in Christ. The present selection then is addressed those who think that they are righteous, or at least better than the pagans addressed previously. It is a transitional paragraph that prepares the audience for what Paul will say about the Jews and their adherence to the Law of Moses.

The responsorial psalm (Psalm LXII) is a prayer of trust in God who is "Rock" and "Salvation".


Prophetic Lament

Prophetic woes are not so much pronouncements of doom as laments raised over a foreseen disaster. A woe is not a curse. But one utters a woe because of a curse that is seen as inevitable. Like the prophets of old, Jesus sees the consequences of hypocrisy and injustice about to fall upon the religious leaders of his time. But in difference with those prophets, he does not name the consequences (cf. Isaiah 5:8-15.18-24; Jeremiah 48:1-2; HHosea 7:13; Habakkuk 2:6-19).

Jesus cites the Pharisees for their neglect of the demands of justice and love (42) and their vanity. . (43). With the scribes, the Pharisees are named as sepulchres that are hidden from view, and therefore are occassions of uncleanliness for those who come into contact with them. The expression "whitewashed sepulchres" continues the idea of "clean outside but unclean inside." Instead of enabling people to worship God, they themselves become occassions for exclusion in a very insidious way. They are likened to sepulchres that are placed where people can walk over them, that is, where people can be rendered unclean by them without knowing it. The experts of the Law are cited (these perhaps included both scribes and Pharisees) next on account of their casuistry: instead of helping, they are actually adding more burdens; instead of allowing more people to observe the law, they make observance more difficult.

More from The Bible Journal

Romans 2:1-11
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
1Wherefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest. For wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself. For thou dost the same things which thou judgest.
2For we know that the judgment of God is, according to truth, against them that do such things.
3And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them who do such things, and dost the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
4Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and patience, and longsuffering? Knowest thou not, that the benignity of God leadeth thee to penance?
5But according to thy hardness and impenitent heart, thou treasurest up to thyself wrath, against the day of wrath, and revelation of the just judgment of God.
6Who will render to every man according to his works.
7To them indeed, who according to patience in good work, seek glory and honour and incorruption, eternal life:
8But to them that are contentious, and who obey not the truth, but give credit to iniquity, wrath and indignation.
9Tribulation and anguish upon every soul of man that worketh evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Greek.
10But glory, and honour, and peace to every one that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
11For there is no respect of persons with God.
Luke 11:42-46
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
42But woe to you, Pharisees, because you tithe mint and rue and every herb; and pass over judgment, and the charity of God. Now these things you ought to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
43Woe to you, Pharisees, because you love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and salutations in the marketplace.
44Woe to you, because you are as sepulchres that appear not, and men that walk over are not aware.
45And one of the lawyers answering, saith to him: Master, in saying these things, thou reproachest us also.
46But he said: Woe to you lawyers also, because you load men with burdens which they cannot bear, and you yourselves touch not the packs with one of your fingers.
Isaiah 5:8-15
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
8Woe to you that join house to house and lay field to field, even to the end of the place: shall you alone dwell in the midst of the earth?
9These things are in my ears, saith the Lord of hosts: unless many great and fair houses shall become desolate, without an inhabitant.
10For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one little measure, and thirty bushels of seed shall yield three bushels.
11Woe to you that rise up early in the morning to follow drunkenness, and to drink till the evening, to be inflamed with wine.
12The harp, and the lyre, and the timbrel, and the pipe, and wine are in your feasts: and the work of the Lord you regard not, nor do you consider the works of his hands.
13Therefore is my people led away captive, because they had not knowledge, and their nobles have perished with famine, and their multitude were dried up with thirst.
14Therefore hath hell enlarged her soul, and opened her mouth without any bounds, and their strong ones, and their people, and their high and glorious ones shall go down into it.
15And man shall be brought down, and man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be brought low.
Jeremiah 48:1-2
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
1Against Moab thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: Woe to Nabo, for it is laid waste, and confounded: Cariathaim is taken: the strong city is confounded and hath trembled.
2There is no more rejoicing in Moab over Hesebon: they have devised evil. Come, and let us cut it off from being a nation. Therefore shalt thou in silence hold thy peace, and the sword shall follow thee.
Hosea 7:13
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
13Woe to them, for they have departed from me: they shall be wasted because they have transgressed against me: and I redeemed them: and they have spoken lies against me.
Habakkuk 2:6-19
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
6Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a dark speech concerning him: and it shall be said: Woe to him that heapeth together that which is not his own? how long also doth he load himself with thick clay?
7Shall they not rise up suddenly that shall bite thee: and they be stirred up that shall tear thee, and thou shalt be a spoil to them?
8Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all that shall be left of the people shall spoil thee: because of men's blood, and for the iniquity of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
9Woe to him that gathereth together an evil covetousness to his house, that his nest may be on high, and thinketh he may be delivered out of the hand of evil.
10Thou hast devised confusion to thy house, thou hast cut off many people, and thy soul hath sinned.
11For the stone shall cry out of the wall: and the timber that is between the joints of the building, shall answer.
12Woe to him that buildeth a town with blood, and prepareth a city by iniquity.
13Are not these things from the Lord of hosts? for the people shall labour in a great fire: and the nations in vain, and they shall faint.
14For the earth shall be filled, that men may know the glory of the Lord, as waters covering the sea.
15Woe to him that giveth drink to his friend, and presenteth his gall, and maketh him drunk, that he may behold his nakedness.
16Thou art filled with shame instead of glory: drink thou also, and fall fast asleep: the cup of the right hand of the Lord shall compass thee, and shameful vomiting shall be on thy glory.
17For the iniquity of Libanus shall cover thee, and the ravaging of beasts shall terrify them because of the blood of men, and the iniquity of the land, and of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
18What doth the graven thing avail, because the maker thereof hath graven it, a molten, and a false image? because the forger thereof hath trusted in a thing of his own forging, to make dumb idols.
19Woe to him that saith to wood: Awake: to the dumb stone: Arise: can it teach? Behold, it is laid over with gold, and silver, and there is no spirit in the bowels thereof.

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