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Home » Daily Gospel, Daily Readings, New Testament Writers

Paul to the Romans

Submitted by on Monday, 10 October 2011No Comment

Apostle_Paul

Today’s Readings

  • Reading I:  Romans 1:1-7
  • Responsorial Psalm: Psalm 98
  • Gospel Reading: Luke 11:29-32

The Letter to the Romans

We will be reading the letter to the Romans until November 5, 2011. Today’s selection is taken from the "Address" of the Letter. Below is an outline of the letter to the Romans.

  1. Introduction
    • Address (1,1-7)
    • Thanksgiving (1,8-15)
  2. The Gospel of Salvation in Christ
    • The Theme of the Letter (1,16-17)
    • The Gospel: Salvation by Faith in Jesus Christ (1,18-8:39)
    • Israel and the Gentiles in the Divine Plan (9:1-11:36)
  3. Moral Section (12:1-15:13)
  4. Final Words
    • Paul’s Future Plans for the Romans (15:14-33)
    • Final Greetings (16:1-23)
    • Doxology (16:25-27)

Notice that vv. 1-7 already announces the two big parts of the letter. The mention of the Gospel of God that is about Jesus Christ (vv. 1-4) anticipates the first part about "The Gospel of Salvation in Christ", while "obedience of faith", "all of you in Christ" and "called to be holy" (vv. 5-7) announce the moral part of the letter.

The One Greater

542309_Queen-of-Sheba-Visits-Solomon

Luke 11:29-32 continues the preceding the conversation between Jesus and the crowd. Here he responds to those who were asking for a sign. The sign of Jonah that Jesus points out here is quite different from Matthew 12:40 which clearly points to the death and resurrection of the Lord. In Luke’s version rather, the sign is that of Jonah’s preaching which the Ninevites accepted as an occassion for conversion (cf. Jon. 3:5). Jesus is of course the one greater than Solomon and the one greater than Jonah. And because of this those who accepted them during their time and gave them due hearing — the Queen of Sheba ( 1 Kgs. 10:1-10) and the Ninevites — will testify against the people "of this generation," the same people who are asking for a sign.

Underlying verses 31 and 32 is an eschatological scenario where the judgment of peoples will occur. Quite ironically, those who are supposed to be judging — the Tribes of Israel — will themselves be on the dock while Gentiles (non-Israelites) will be standing as witnesses.

More from the Bible Journal

Romans 1:1-7
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
1Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,
2Which he had promised before, by his prophets, in the holy scriptures,
3Concerning his Son, who was made to him of the seed of David, according to the flesh,
4Who was predestinated the Son of God in power, according to the spirit of sanctification, by the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead;
5By whom we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith, in all nations, for his name;
6Among whom are you also the called of Jesus Christ:
7To all that are at Rome, the beloved of God, called to be saints. Grace to you, and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
Luke 11:29-32
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
31The queen of the south shall rise in the judgment with the men of this generation, and shall condemn them: because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold more than Solomon here.
32The men of Ninive shall rise in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it; because they did penance at the preaching of Jonas; and behold more than Jonas here.
Luke 11:29-32
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
31The queen of the south shall rise in the judgment with the men of this generation, and shall condemn them: because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold more than Solomon here.
32The men of Ninive shall rise in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it; because they did penance at the preaching of Jonas; and behold more than Jonas here.
Matthew 12:40
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.

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