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Home » Daily Gospel, Daily Readings, Old Testament, Prophets

We Have Sinned

Submitted by on Friday, 30 September 2011No Comment

prayer-hand-high

Today’s Readings

  • Reading I:  Baruch 1:15-22
  • Responsorial Psalm: Psalm 79
  • Gospel Reading: Luke 10:13-16

A National Confession of Guilt

Baruch 1:15-22 is part of a national confession of guilt meant to be read to the assembly of Judah. The confession was made by the exiles, written in a scroll and sent to Jerusalem along with gifts for sacrifices and offerings.

The selection for today’s liturgy ascribes the present shame of Judah and Jerusalem to the sins of the people and their disobedience to God.

The responsorial psalm taken from Psalm 79 is a communal lament about the defilement of the temple and an attack against the people that left many dead and unburied. The lament includes a petition that God have compassion on His people, deliver them from their present situation and forgive their sins.

Prophetic Woes

galilaea-1

Chorazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum are Galilaean towns were Jesus has worked healing and miracles. But these same towns have not been responsive to Jesus. The "Woe" that Jesus pronounces over them should be rather translated in such a way that it would sound as a prophetic lament, not "It will not go well with you," as is translated in NAB. In the prophets of the Old Testament, "Woe" is a cry of concern at a catastrope that they see is coming. When Jesus pronounces his woes over those three Galilaean towns, it was to express sadness at something that he knew will inevitalbly befall them.

Tyre and Sidon are great neighboring seaport towns that are not of the Israelite nation. When Jesus, in comparing Tyre and Sidon with the towns that he has visited, he says "If they had heard… they would be in sackcloth now" Again Jesus indirectlyl puts Gentiles into a better light than the towns he had visited. Even Caphernaum which has been a witness to the miracles he performed there did not respond appropriately. It will not be exalted but will find itself in Hades, the place of the Dead.

More from The Bible Journal

Baruch 1:15-22
View in: NAB NIV KJV Vulg LXX
15And you shall say: To the Lord our God belongeth justice, but to us confusion of our face: as it is come to pass at this day to all Juda, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
16To our kings, and to our princes, and to our priests, and to our prophets, and to our fathers.
17We have sinned before the Lord our God, and have not believed him, nor put our trust in him:
18And we were not obedient to him, and we have not harkened to the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in his commandments, which he hath given us.
19From the day that he brought our fathers out of the land of Egypt, even to this day, we were disobedient to the Lord our God: and going astray we turned away from hearing his voice.
20And many evils have cleaved to us, and the curses which the Lord foretold by Moses his servant: who brought our fathers out of the land of Egypt, to give us a land flowing with milk and honey, as at this day.
21And we have not hearkened to the voice of the Lord our God according to all the words of the prophets whom he sent to us:
22And we have gone away every man after the inclinations of his own wicked heart, to serve strange gods, and to do evil in the sight of the Lord our God.
Luke 10:13-16
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
13Woe to thee, Corozain, woe to thee, Bethsaida. For if in Tyre and Sidon had been wrought the mighty works that have been wrought in you, they would have done penance long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
14But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgement, than for you.
15And thou, Capharnaum, which art exalted unto heaven, thou shalt be thrust down to hell.
16He that heareth you, heareth me; and he that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me.
Baruch 1:15-22
View in: NAB NIV KJV Vulg LXX
15And you shall say: To the Lord our God belongeth justice, but to us confusion of our face: as it is come to pass at this day to all Juda, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
16To our kings, and to our princes, and to our priests, and to our prophets, and to our fathers.
17We have sinned before the Lord our God, and have not believed him, nor put our trust in him:
18And we were not obedient to him, and we have not harkened to the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in his commandments, which he hath given us.
19From the day that he brought our fathers out of the land of Egypt, even to this day, we were disobedient to the Lord our God: and going astray we turned away from hearing his voice.
20And many evils have cleaved to us, and the curses which the Lord foretold by Moses his servant: who brought our fathers out of the land of Egypt, to give us a land flowing with milk and honey, as at this day.
21And we have not hearkened to the voice of the Lord our God according to all the words of the prophets whom he sent to us:
22And we have gone away every man after the inclinations of his own wicked heart, to serve strange gods, and to do evil in the sight of the Lord our God.

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