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Readings for August 15-20, 2011

Submitted by on Sunday, 14 August 2011No Comment

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Except for the celebration of the solemnity of the Assumption which falls this year on Monday, we have a more or less continuous reading of the lectionary of Ordinary Time. During the week, we will be reading the books of Judges and of Ruth. From the book of Judges we will be reading the story of Gideon and his sons and Jephta and his daughter. From the Gospels, we will be reading from Jesus’ teaching on detachment from earthly goods (Tuesday) and the greatest commandment (Friday), the parables of the landowner and his "just" wage (Wednesday), the wedding banquet and the wedding garment (Thursday), and the denunciation of the example of the Pharisees (Saturday).

August 15, Monday

This year, August 15 falls on the Monday of the 20th Week (OT — A). It is the feast of the Assumption of Mary. The readings for this day don’t vary from year to year. Read this article for the Feast day’s readings.

August 16, Tuesday

Judges 6:11-24 narrates the call of Gideon, one of the major judges of Israel as recorded in the book Judges. A judge as presented in the Book of Judges is a hero raised by God to deliver Israel from its enemies. Gideon’s story is covered in Judges 6:1-8:35; his task was to deliver Israel from Midian.

The responsorial psalm taken from Psalm 85 takes up the name that Gideon gives to the altar he erects, Yahweh-shalom. The Lord proclaims peace to his people. This theme is taken up in Ephesians 2:13-17 where Paul declares that Christ, being Our Peace, has broken down the dividing walls to bring together those who were formerly far away from each other.

But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, and might reconcile us both to God in one body through the cross, thereby killing the hostility. And he came and preached peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near. (Ephesians 2:13-17)

The Gospel reading continues the story of the rich young man. The selection we read is the lesson in detachment from goods that Jesus inculcates to his disciples using the rich young man as an example.

August 17, Wednesday

Judges 9:6-15 narrates the story of how Abimelech begins to reign. It is placed under the statement that the Israelites began to prostitute themselves again to the Baals and the Israelites no longer remembered Yahweh (33.34). Abimelech is one of the sons of Gideon, now called Jerubaal — the one who contends with Baal. Gideon had before this been offered by Israel to reign over them, but he refused, saying that it is God who should rule. Abimelech disregards his father’s decision, convinces the people of Shechem to support him and when he receives their approval, goes and slaughters the seventy sons of Gideon. Of Gideon’s sons, the youngest alone escaped; he is called Jotham. It is his parable that we read in verses 7-15, a parable that denounces the people of Shechem and Beth-millo for making Abimelech their king.

The Gospel selection is about the landowner who goes out at different times of the day to employ workers in his vineyard. We have an article at the Mystical Geek showing how Gregory the Great explained this parable. See The Hours of the Divine Call.

August 18, Thursday

Jephta met by his daughter

Judges 11:29-39 is about Jephta and his daughter. It can be taken as a story of how a certain custom arose in Israel that of the daughters of Israel leaving their homes to mourn the death of the daughter of Jephta, the Gileadite. Or it can also be taken as a story about not making vows too lightly. Jephta began to regret his vow of sacrificing the first person to meet him on his way home when he saw his only daughter coming to meet him. But his daughter was the one who reminded him of the seriousness of vows and told him not to renege on his oath.

The Gospel selection from Matthew 22:1-14 is about a parable within a parable. The greater parable is about a wedding feast; the other parable is about the man without the wedding garment. Read about the Wedding Garment, here.

August 19, Friday

ruth-moabite

Today we begin to read from the Book of Ruth. It tells the story of one of the ancestors of King David, the Moabite Ruth, whose hesed to her mother-in-law Naomi earned for her a place in the history of israel. Before this, there was another non-Israelite who became a member of the tribe of Judah, Caleb, one of the twelve spies. Like Caleb, Ruth will show his fidelity to the God of Naomi by submitting to the levirate law.

Matthew 22:34-40 is the question about the greatest commandment. Jesus answers the question of the Pharisees by quoting the Shema. But then he adds: The second is just like it, love your neighbor as yourself. How is this second commandment like the first one? John gives us the answer:

If anyone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen cannot love God whom he has not seen. 1 John 4:20

August 20, Saturday

Our reading of the story of Ruth ends today. The selections for the reading highlight Boaz and his role within the greater story of Ruth’s hesed. Because of his hesed for Ruth, Boaz acquires the right of redemption and saves Naomi from shame by giving her a son through Ruth. That son’s name is Obed, who will become the father of Jesse, David’s father.

Matthew 23:1-12 is Jesus’ admonition to his disciples not to follow the example of the Pharisees. They are not to desire the titles normally given to the Pharisees, Rabbi, Abba (Father), and Teacher.

Judges 6:11-24
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
11And an angel of the Lord came, and sat under an oak, that was in Ephra, and belonged to Joas the father of the family of Ezri. And when Gedeon his son was threshing and cleansing wheat by the winepress, to flee from Madian,
12The angel of the Lord appeared to him, and said: The Lord is with thee, O most valiant of men.
13And Gedeon said to him: I beseech thee, my lord, if the Lord be with us, why have these evils fallen upon us? Where are his miracles, which our fathers have told us of, saying: The Lord brought us Out of Egypt? but now the Lord hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the bands of Madian.
14And the Lord looked upon him, and said: Go in this thy strength, and then shalt deliver Israel out of the hand of Madian: know that I have sent thee.
15He answered and said: I beseech thee, my lord, wherewith shall I deliver Israel? Behold my family is the meanest in Manasses, and I am the least in my father's house.
16And the Lord said to him: I will be with thee: and thou shalt cut off Madian as one man.
17And he said: If I have found grace before thee, give me a sign that it is thou that speakest to me,
18And depart not hence, till I return to thee, and bring a sacrifice, and offer it to thee. And he answered: I will wait thy coming.
19So Gedeon went in, and boiled a kid, and made unleavened loaves of a measure of flour: and putting the flesh in a basket, and the broth of the flesh into a pot, he carried all under the oak, and presented to him.
20And the angel of the Lord said to him: Take the flesh and the unleavened loaves, and lay them upon that rock, and pour out the broth thereon. And when he had done so,
21The angel of the Lord put forth the tip of the rod, which he held in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened loaves: and there arose a fire from the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened loaves: and the angel of the Lord vanished out of his sight.
22And Gedeon seeing that it was the angel of the Lord, said: Alas, my Lord God: for I have seen the angel of the Lord face to face.
23And the Lord said to him: Peace be with thee: fear not, thou shalt not die.
24And Gedeon built there an altar to the Lord, and called it the Lord's peace, until this present day. And when he was yet in Ephra, which is of the family of Ezri,
Judges 6:1-8
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1And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord: and he delivered them into the hand of Madian seven years.
2And they were grievously oppressed by them. And they made themselves dens and eaves in the mountains, and strong holds to resist.
3And when Israel had sown, Madian and Amalec, and the rest of the eastern nations came up:
4And pitching their tents among them, wasted all things as they were in the blade even to the entrance of Gaza: and they left nothing at all in Israel for sustenance of life, nor sheep, nor oxen, nor asses.
5For they and all their flocks came with their tents, and like locusts filled all places, an innumerable multitude of men, and of camels, wasting whatsoever they touched.
6And Israel was humbled exceedingly in the sight of Madian.
7And he cried to the Lord desiring help against the Madianites.
8And he sent unto them a prophet, and he spoke: Thus saith the Lord the God of Israel: I made you to come up out of Egypt, and brought you out of the house of bondage,
Ephesians 2:13-17
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13But now in Christ Jesus, you, who some time were afar off, are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
14For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and breaking down the middle wall of partition, the enmities in his flesh:
15Making void the law of commandments contained in decrees; that he might make the two in himself into one new man, making peace;
16And might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, killing the enmities in himself.
17And coming, he preached peace to you that were afar off, and peace to them that were nigh.
Ephesians 2:13-17
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
13But now in Christ Jesus, you, who some time were afar off, are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
14For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and breaking down the middle wall of partition, the enmities in his flesh:
15Making void the law of commandments contained in decrees; that he might make the two in himself into one new man, making peace;
16And might reconcile both to God in one body by the cross, killing the enmities in himself.
17And coming, he preached peace to you that were afar off, and peace to them that were nigh.
Judges 9:6-15
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
6And all the men of Sichem were gathered together, and all the families of the city of Mello: and they went and made Abimelech king, by the oak that stood in Sichem.
7This being told to Joatham, he went and stood on the top of mount Garizim: and lifting up his voice, he cried, and said: Hear me, ye men of Sichem, so may God hear you.
8The trees went to anoint a king over them: and they said to the olive tree: Reign thou over us.
9And it answered: Can I leave my fatness, which both gods and men make use of, to come to be promoted among the trees?
10And the trees said to the fig tree: Come thou and reign over us.
11And it answered them: Can I leave my sweetness, and my delicious fruits, and go to be promoted among the other trees?
12And the trees said to the vine: Come thou and reign over us.
13And it answered them: Can I forsake my wine, that cheereth God and men, and be promoted among the other trees?
14And all the trees said to the bramble: Come thou and reign over us.
15And it answered them: If indeed you mean to make me king, come ye and rest under my shadow: but if you mean it not, let fire come out from the bramble, and devour the cedars of Libanus.
Judges 11:29-39
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29Therefore the spirit of the Lord came upon Jephte, and going round Galaad, and Manasses, and Maspha of Galaad, and passing over from thence to the children of Ammon,
30He made a vow to the Lord, saying: If thou wilt deliver the children of Ammon into my hands,
31Whosoever shall first come forth out of the doors of my house, and shall meet me when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, the same will I offer a holocaust to the Lord.
32And Jephte passed over to the children of Ammon, to fight against them: and the Lord delivered them into his hands.
33And he smote them from Aroer till you come to Mennith, twenty cities, and as far as Abel, which is set with vineyards, with a very great slaughter: and the children of Ammon were humbled by the children of Israel.
34And when Jephte returned into Maspha to his house, his only daughter met him with timbrels and with dances: for he had no other children.
35And when he saw her, he rent his garments, and said: Alas! my daughter, thou hast deceived me, and thou thyself art deceived: for I have opened my mouth to the Lord, and I can do no other thing.
36And she answered him: My father, if thou hast opened thy mouth to the Lord, do unto me whatsoever thou hast promised, since the victory hath been granted to thee, and revenge of thy enemies.
37And she said to her father: Grant me only this which I desire: Let me go, that I may go about the mountains for two months, and may bewail my virginity with my companions.
38And he answered her: Go. And he sent her away for two months. And when she was gone with her comrades and companions, she mourned her virginity in the mountains.
39And the two months being expired, she returned to her father, and he did to her as he had vowed, and she knew no man. From thence came a fashion in Israel, and a custom has been kept:
Matthew 22:1-14
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1And Jesus answering, spoke again in parables to them, saying:
2The kingdom of heaven is likened to a king, who made a marriage for his son.
3And he sent his servants, to call them that were invited to the marriage; and they would not come.
4Again he sent other servants, saying: Tell them that were invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner; my beeves and fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come ye to the marriage.
5But they neglected, and went their own ways, one to his farm, and another to his merchandise.
6And the rest laid hands on his servants, and having treated them contumeliously, put them to death.
7But when the king had heard of it, he was angry, and sending his armies, he destroyed those murderers, and burnt their city.
8Then he saith to his servants: The marriage indeed is ready; but they that were invited were not worthy.
9Go ye therefore into the highways; and as many as you shall find, call to the marriage.
10And his servants going forth into the ways, gathered together all that they found, both bad and good: and the marriage was filled with guests.
11And the king went in to see the guests: and he saw there a man who had not on a wedding garment.
12And he saith to him: Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? But he was silent.
13Then the king said to the waiters: Bind his hands and feet, and cast him into the exterior darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
14For many are called, but few are chosen.
Matthew 22:34-40
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
34But the Pharisees hearing that he had silenced the Sadducees, came together:
35And one of them, a doctor of the law, asking him, tempting him:
36Master, which is the greatest commandment in the law?
37Jesus said to him: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind.
38This is the greatest and the first commandment.
39And the second is like to this: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
40On these two commandments dependeth the whole law and the prophets.
1 John 4:20
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
20If any man say, I love God, and hateth his brother; he is a liar. For he that loveth not his brother, whom he seeth, how can he love God, whom he seeth not?
Matthew 23:1-12
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
1Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to his disciples,
2Saying: The scribes and the Pharisees have sitten on the chair of Moses.
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
4For they bind heavy and insupportable burdens, and lay them on men's shoulders; but with a finger of their own they will not move them.
5And all their works they do for to be seen of men. For they make their phylacteries broad, and enlarge their fringes.
6And they love the first places at feasts, and the first chairs in the synagogues,
7And salutations in the market place, and to be called by men, Rabbi.
8But be not you called Rabbi. For one is your master; and all you are brethren.
9And call none your father upon earth; for one is your father, who is in heaven.
10Neither be ye called masters; for one is you master, Christ.
11He that is the greatest among you shall be your servant.
12And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled: and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

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