Daily Readings

The daily readings for the Eucharistic celebrations.

Fathers

The Fathers of the Church and their explanations of the readings of the day.

History

Historical books of the Old Testament

The Sunday Lectionary

Sermon and homily notes for Sundays

Video

Videos mostly from YouTube

Home » Daily Readings, New Testament Writers

The Anti-Christ (2 John 4-9)

Submitted by on Friday, 12 November 2010No Comment

antichrist

  • Reading I:  2 John 4-9
  • Responsorial Psalm:  Psalm 119
  • Gospel Reading:  Luke 17:26-37

 

There are presently scholars who assert that at the beginning of the Church’s history, there were different confessions existing side-by-side, but which were gradually suppressed.  The fact is, that at first there was the faith proclaimed by the apostles which particular groups broke up with and abandoned.  The letters of Paul bear witness to this; so do the letters of John.  We find an example in today’s reading.

The author warns a Church — addressed as "Chosen Lady" — about "deceivers" later identified as "the Anti-Christ" (7). These are those who do not confess "Christ come in the flesh". The same language is found in 1 John in referring to those who have "gone out" from the Johanine community.

18Children, it is the last hour; and just as you heard that the antichrist was coming, so now many antichrists have appeared. Thus we know this is the last hour. 19They went out from us, but they were not really of our number;if they had been, they would have remained with us. Their desertion shows that none of them was of our number.

21I write to you not because you do not know the truth but because you do, and because every lie is alien to the truth.
22Who is the liar? Whoever denies that Jesus is the Christ. Whoever denies the Father and the Son, this is the antichrist.  23No one who denies the Son has the Father, but whoever confesses the Son has the Father as well. 24Let what you heard from the beginning remain in you. If what you heard from the beginning remains in you, then you will remain in the Son and in the Father. (1 John 2:18-19.21-24)

The "Anti-Christ" is identified in this text as those who have left the community of faith in their denial of Jesus as the Christ. The denial, according to the author, constitutes breaking away from "what you heard from the beginning", that is, the proclamation of the apostles regarding Life which "was with the Father and has been made visible to us" (1 John 1:2).

Again, in 1 John 4:2-3 we find a further specification of the "anti-Christ"

2This is how you can know the Spirit of God: every spirit that acknowledges Jesus Christ come in the flesh belongs to God, 3 and every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus does not belong to God. This is the spirit of the antichrist that, as you heard, is to come, but in fact is already in the world.

In other words, the anti-Christ are those who do not confess Jesus Christ “come in the flesh”.

The expression “come in the flesh” echoes the initial proclamation about Christ in the gospel of John.  He is “the Word” who “was God” (1), “born not out of human stock or urge of the flesh or will of man but of God Himself” (13), but  which was “made flesh and dwelt among us” bearing the glory of “the only Son of the Father” (14).  It was this that made God known to us (18).  The Johanine prologue confesses the Word incarnate; the anti-Christ denies the incarnation.

One of the early heresies that the Church had to contend was about the understanding of who Christ is.  There were already groups that saw him as God but could not accept his humanity, thus the insistence of Paul and John that he came “in the flesh”.   These groups believed that Christ did not really die on the cross.  Such is the belief that we find in what has been labelled “the gnostic gospels”.  These writings were discarded by the Church when it was forming its Scriptures – what we call the New Testament – because she could not recognize in them the Christ she believed in.

Today there are those who have swung to the opposite direction in believing that Christ was only man but somehow “promoted” by God.  Even these have to measure their faith against the Johanine profession of Him “who came in the flesh”. 

For an article on Luke 17:26-37, go here.

Luke 17:26-37
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
26And as it came to pass in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.
27They did eat and drink, they married wives, and were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark: and the flood came and destroyed them all.
28Likewise as it came to pass, in the days of Lot: they did eat and drink, they bought and sold, they planted and built.
29And in the day that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.
30Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man shall be revealed.
31In that hour, he that shall be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away: and he that shall be in the field, in like manner, let him not return back.
32Remember Lot's wife.
33Whosoever shall seek to save his life, shall lose it: and whosoever shall lose it, shall preserve it.
34I say to you: in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left.
35Two women shall be grinding together: the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left: two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be keft.
36They answering, say to him: Where, Lord?
37Who said to them: Wheresoever the body shall be, thither will the eagles also be gathered together.
1 John 2:18-19
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
18Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that Antichrist cometh, even now there are become many Antichrists: whereby we know that it is the last hour.
19They went out from us, but they were not of us. For if they had been of us, they would no doubt have remained with us; but that they may be manifest, that they are not all of us.
1 John 1:2
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
2For the life was manifested; and we have seen and do bear witness, and declare unto you the life eternal, which was with the Father, and hath appeared to us:
1 John 4:2-3
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
2By this is the spirit of God known. Every spirit which confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh, is of God:
3And every spirit that dissolveth Jesus, is not of God: and this is Antichrist, of whom you have heard that he cometh, and he is now already in the world.
Luke 17:26-37
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
26And as it came to pass in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.
27They did eat and drink, they married wives, and were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark: and the flood came and destroyed them all.
28Likewise as it came to pass, in the days of Lot: they did eat and drink, they bought and sold, they planted and built.
29And in the day that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all.
30Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man shall be revealed.
31In that hour, he that shall be on the housetop, and his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them away: and he that shall be in the field, in like manner, let him not return back.
32Remember Lot's wife.
33Whosoever shall seek to save his life, shall lose it: and whosoever shall lose it, shall preserve it.
34I say to you: in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left.
35Two women shall be grinding together: the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left: two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be keft.
36They answering, say to him: Where, Lord?
37Who said to them: Wheresoever the body shall be, thither will the eagles also be gathered together.

Popularity: 1% [?]

Leave your response!

You must be logged in to post a comment.