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Home » Daily Readings, Old Testament

The Passover of the Lord

Submitted by on Friday, 17 July 2009No Comment


NAB HomepageToday’s Reading

On the night of the tenth plague, the Lord prepares his people for departure from the land of Egypt, the land of their 430 years of slavery (see Exodus 12:41). The institution of the memorial for this particular night is described in Exodus 12. The heart of Pharaoh continues to be hardened inspite of the warnings of Moses and Aaron. In fact, the battle between two gods — Egypt’s Pharaoh and Israel’s “Lord” — was played out because of Pharaoh’s arrogance. On the tenth “round” of their battle, the Lord himself will cut off the first-born of Egypt. The catechism for the children underlines this meaning of Passover

When your children ask you, “What does this rite of yours mean?” you shall answer,
“This is the Passover sacrifice of the Lord who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when he struck down the Egyptians, he spared our houses.” (vv. 26-27)

The Lord will pass over the houses which have been marked with the blood of the Passover Lamb whose meat they shall eat (vv. 5-7.13).

Christians see in the Passover Lamb a foreshadowing of Christ of whose blood poured on the faithful preserves them from the wrath of God.  St. Paul makes this the fulcrum of the exposition of the Gospel he writes for the Romans.  All have sinned, so all are under the wrath of God.  The Law cannot justify anyone, that is render one free from guilt, because it is not the function of the Law.  (The Law was given to show sin and convict it.)  What the Law cannot do, God himself has done through his Son. 

all have sinned and are deprived of the glory of God.  They are justified freely by his grace through the redemption in Christ Jesus, whom God set forth as an expiation, through faith, by his blood, to prove his righteousness because of the forgiveness of sins previously committed, through the forbearance of God–to prove his righteousness in the present time, that he might be righteous and justify the one who has faith in Jesus.  (Romans 3:22–26)

 John the Baptist pointed to Jesus as “the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world”.  It has been pointed out by Joachim Jeremias that the Aramaic for Lamb — thaliya — also means “Servant”.  Thus the convergence of the image of the Passover Lamb and the Servant of Yahweh as described in the poetry of Isaiah’s Book of Consolations in the Crucified Christ.




Exodus 12:41
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg LXX Hebrew
41Which being expired, the same day all the army of the Lord went forth out of the land of Egypt.
Romans 3:22
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
22Even the justice of God, by faith of Jesus Christ, unto all and upon all them that believe in him: for there is no distinction:

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