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Home » Daily Gospel, Daily Readings

And He Sent Another Seventy-Two

Submitted by on Saturday, 18 October 2008No Comment
  • Reading I: 2 Timothy 4:10-17
  • Resp. Psalm: Psalm 145:10-11,17-18
  • Gospel Reading: Luke 10:1-9

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Luke 10:1-24 is anticipated in 9:52 by the messengers ( aggelouV) that Jesus sends ahead of him to Jerusalem. The unit narrates the creation of a group of seventy-two disciples whom Jesus commissions to go on ahead of him in places he will pass through. Only Luke narrates of the "seventy-two"; in the LXX, it is the number of the nations found in Gen. 10 and is symbolic of the "catholicity" of the Christian missions. 1

The outline of narrative can be presented as follows:

1 Introduction: The Seventy-Two
2-16: The Mandate
      2: Introduction: Sent out to Harvest
     3-4 Overall Guidelines: Lambs, Travelling Light, Going in Haste
Specific Guidelines
     5-7 Entering a House
     8-9 Entering a Village
     10-12 Rite of Rejection
13-15 Woes to the towns that rejected the Gospel
16 Whoever listes to you listens to ME…
17-24 The Return of the Seventy-Two
     17 The Report
      18-20: Jesus’ Response
     21-22: Jesus’ Thanksgiving
     23-24: Jesus’ Blessing (Conclusion of the Unit)

In the liturgy of the 14th Sunday of OT (Year C), some of the verses in this section are omitted.  Below is an illustration of how this Lucan unit has been abbreviated.  The omitted verses are colored by a bluish hue.

Click here for a bigger picture

It is to be immediately noted that verse 16 while constituting the conclusion of the mandate of Jesus is also the center-piece of the whole narrative. It is framed by the contrasting-parallel of woes and blessings in vv. 13-15 and vv. 23-24 respectively. The saying is also a strong declaration on the identity of Jesus and his missionaries:

"He who hears you hears me,
and he who rejects you rejects me,
and he who rejects me
rejects him who sent me."

The statement has a strong parallel in John 12:44-45 and 13:20:

And Jesus cried out and said,
"He who believes in me, believes not in me but in him who sent me.
And he who sees me sees him who sent me. (John 12:44-45)

Truly, truly, I say to you,
he who receives any one whom I send receives me;
and he who receives me receives him who sent me (John 13:20)

Continue reading …

2 Timothy 4:10-17
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
10Crescens into Galatia, Titus into Dalmatia.
11Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.
12But Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus.
13The cloak that I left at Troas, with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, especially the parchments.
14Alexander the coppersmith hath done me much evil: the Lord will reward him according to his works:
15Whom do thou also avoid, for he hath greatly withstood our words.
16At my first answer no man stood with me, but all forsook me: may it not be laid to their charge.
17But the Lord stood by me, and strengthened me, that by me the preaching may be accomplished, and that all the Gentiles may hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.
Psalm 145:10-11,17-18
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10Let all thy works, O lord, praise thee: and let thy saints bless thee.
11They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom: and shall tell of thy power:
17The Lord is just in all his ways: and holy in all his works.
18The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon him: to all that call upon him in truth.
Luke 10:1-9
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1And after these things the Lord appointed also other seventy-two: and he sent them two and two before his face into every city and place whither he himself was to come.
2And he said to them: The harvest indeed is great, but the labourers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he send labourers into his harvest.
3Go: Behold I send you as lambs among wolves.
4Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes; and salute no man by the way.
5Into whatsoever house you enter, first say: Peace be to this house.
6And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon him; but if not, it shall return to you.
7And in the same house, remain, eating and drinking such things as they have: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Remove not from house to house.
8And into what city soever you enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you.
9And heal the sick that are therein, and say to them: The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
Luke 10:1-24
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
1And after these things the Lord appointed also other seventy-two: and he sent them two and two before his face into every city and place whither he himself was to come.
2And he said to them: The harvest indeed is great, but the labourers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he send labourers into his harvest.
3Go: Behold I send you as lambs among wolves.
4Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes; and salute no man by the way.
5Into whatsoever house you enter, first say: Peace be to this house.
6And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon him; but if not, it shall return to you.
7And in the same house, remain, eating and drinking such things as they have: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Remove not from house to house.
8And into what city soever you enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set before you.
9And heal the sick that are therein, and say to them: The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
10But into whatsoever city you enter, and they receive you not, going forth into the streets thereof, say:
11Even the very dust of your city that cleaveth to us, we wipe off against you. Yet know this, that the kingdom of God is at hand.
12I say to you, it shall be more tolerable at that day for Sodom, than for that city.
13Woe to thee, Corozain, woe to thee, Bethsaida. For if in Tyre and Sidon had been wrought the mighty works that have been wrought in you, they would have done penance long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
14But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgement, than for you.
15And thou, Capharnaum, which art exalted unto heaven, thou shalt be thrust down to hell.
16He that heareth you, heareth me; and he that despiseth you, despiseth me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me.
17And the seventy-two returned with joy, saying: Lord, the devils also are subject to us in thy name.
18And he said to them: I saw Satan like lightening falling from heaven.
19Behold, I have given you power to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and upon all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall hurt you.
20But yet rejoice not in this, that spirits are subject unto you; but rejoice in this, that your names are written in heaven.
21In that same hour, he rejoiced in the Holy Ghost, and said: I confess to thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hidden these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them to little ones. Yea, Father, for so it hath seemed good in thy sight.
22All things are delivered to me by my Father; and no one knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and to whom the Son will reveal him.
23And turning to his disciples, he said: Blessed are the eyes that see the things which you see.
24For I say to you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see the things that you see, and have not seen them; and to hear the things that you hear, and have not heard them.
John 12:44-45
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44But Jesus cried, and said: He that believeth in me, doth not believe in me, but in him that sent me.
45And he that seeth me, seeth him that sent me.
John 12:44-45
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44But Jesus cried, and said: He that believeth in me, doth not believe in me, but in him that sent me.
45And he that seeth me, seeth him that sent me.
John 13:20
View in: NAB NIV KJV NJB Vulg Greek
20Amen, amen I say to you, he that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth me; and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that sent me.

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  1. Today is the memorial of St. Luke the Evangelist.  The Church associates the text of the seventy-two to his feast because in the Church’s understanding, St. Luke was one of these, as are the catechists who promote the tradition of the apostles. []

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